An Epiphany of Sorts


Some will think I’m crazy, some will ask why, and I’m ok with that…

The thought occurred to me yesterday that of all the handguns I own, the one I shoot best is also my most comfortable handgun to carry. It’s a full size pistol, but I have a good holster that makes it easy to conceal. So, why is it not my edc gun? Let me go into a little more detail. In the early 2000’s I bought an Auto Ordnance GI model 1911a1. The first thing I did when it came in was do a reliability test on it. Using 230 grain hardball as god intended, I fired 200 rounds through the pistol without cleaning it. Yes, during the reliability test it had a few hiccups , but not a huge number and nothing terrible. All were failure to feed malfunctions. After a good cleaning, the thing ran very good. I used it as a fun gun and it was enjoyable to shoot. Then, at some point I stuck it in my gun safe and there it sat for a couple of years until one day I decided to take it out, clean it up and take it to the range. Lo and behold, I couldn’t get more than three or four rounds down range before it would fail to feed. I ended up putting it back in the safe to ponder the situation. At first, I listened to all the internet “experts” saying how terrible the Auto Ordnance 1911’s were and I just figured it was what it was. A few years went by and… Enter the late great Paul Gomez. I happened to be perusing a gun forum and Paul Gomez had made a few posts concerning a clone he built of an Auto Ordnance 1911 called The Combat Master that Chuck Taylor had commissioned J&G’s gunsmith to build for him. Chuck was the first operations manager at Gunsite and was eventually succeeded by Clint Smith. I had communicated with Paul in the past, in fact, Paul Gomez was the person who actually talked me into becoming a firearms instructor and opening my own training business. Anyway, the theme of the build was that it was minimalistic. Chuck Taylor added only what he felt was necessary in a combat 1911. Now I was intrigued and inspired! About the same time, I ran across an article reviewing the Auto Ordnance GI model. The article happened to mention that Auto Ordnance used undersized pins in their 1911s and while they worked ok to begin with, the pins would cause all sorts of problems as they began to wear. Viola! That had to be the problem with my pistol! I immediately jumped on line and went to the Wilson Combat website. I ended up ordering new magazines, a complete set of pins and springs, along with an extractor, plunger, etc. By the time I had finished, I had basically replaced all of the internal parts contained in the frame of the pistol save the trigger. It turned out be a lot less expensive than I had imagined.

Fast Forward to the present. Since making these changes and firing a few thousand rounds afterward, my Auto Ordnance GI model 1911 has had zero malfunctions and has become a favorite range gun for me. The trigger is nothing short of superb which translates into accurate hits on the target. Many people complain about GI type sights on 1911’s but I haven’t found them to be a real problem.

Ok, I know what you’re thinking. I asked the question, why isn’t this my edc gun? Most of you will answer “capacity” or lack there of. The emotional side of me would agree with you. Emotionally, more available ammo on board the gun makes us feel safer and that makes sense. However, statistically the average defensive shooting encounter ends with just three rounds having been fired and the odds that a person would use over 10 rounds in a defensive encounter is nothing short of astronomical. Another answer to my question may be that “1911’s and especially inexpensive 1911’s are unreliable”. Well, The fact is, they don’t have to be. Most problems in today’s 1911s stem from the magazines that are provided by various 1911 manufacturers. There are really only two magazines worth consideration when it con to the 1911 and those are Wilson Combat and Chip McCormick. Wilson Combat has recently bought out Chip McCormick, so we really are left with just one manufacturer of quality 1911 magazines. 1911’s can also be unreliable if you’re lazy. To keep a 1911 working reliably you have to develop a regular cleaning and maintenance routine. It’s really not a big deal for me to regularly field strip, clean and inspect my firearms as I really enjoy doing it. Yet another answer to my question may be “but it’s a huge and very heavy pistol!” The 1911 is a large pistol, it’s overall length is 8.6 inches and it weighs 2.7 pounds empty. However, being single stack it’s the thinnest full size pistol that I own and the weight isn’t really that noticeable with a proper holster and belt. In fact, while I was preparing to write this piece, I had worn the 1911 in an IWB holster for over 8 hours and after carrying mid-size revolvers and Glocks both professionally and privately for most of my adult life I almost forgot it was there.

Before we go any further, let me point out that I’m not a stranger to the 1911. My very first concealed carry gun was a commander sized 1911 and while running a gun store for seven years I often carried a Para-Ordnance P14/45 while working the counter. I’ve never really been into carrying compact guns. They don’t fit my hands well and I simply do not shoot them all that well. Lets face it, there is no denying the reliability of modern striker fired and DA/SA polymer pistols, but today we are living in the golden era of the 1911. At no time in history has such a wide variety and better quality 1911’s been so available to us. I’m not going to get into the whole 1911 vs this pistol or that pistol. I assure you, I get it. I’ve been there.

However, I’ve often seen it written and heard it said that a person should carry the gun they shoot best and by the gods I think I’ll do just that….

Choosing A CPL Instructor

If you are looking to obtain your CPL in Michigan your first step lies in choosing the right instructor. A firearm instructor is trained to help you safely handle a firearm, get you familiar with local, state and federal laws, and provide additional tips that help you to be a responsible CPL holder. Below are some qualities to look for in a CPL instructor to help you reach your goals.

CPL Class Tip #1: Safety First

One of the main objectives of a good firearms instructor should be to promote and advocate safety. A safety first mentality is of upmost importance when choosing an instructor and if you feel for any reason that this portion of training is overlooked you might want to consider a different instructor.

CPL Class Tip #2: Class Size

Firearms training classes are generally not considered to be the most challenging courses that you will go through in your life. However, there is a certain amount of information that you will want to absorb to help keep you safe, be more confident in concealed carry, and to help you abide by the laws that govern you while carrying your handgun.

Class Size is Important. Keep Class sizes below 12 so you can get the attention you need.

In a bigger class it may be hard to absorb all of this important information which is why it is important that your class is small enough so that it affords you some one-on-one time between you and your instructor. Larger class sizes can mean that students are competing for the instructor’s time and attention. If possible, ask your potential CPL instructor how big their typical class size is to see if it will provide the intimacy you need to get the best experience.

CPL Class Tip #3: Location

CPL classes are taught in a variety of different places around the country. However, not all classes are created equal and the training and skills you will get from your instructor will vary from location to location. You can fire the state minimum of 30 rounds from a bench or fire 100 rounds throughout various drills, depending on the class you sign up for. In this regard it may be worthwhile to drive a little farther to spend the time with an instructor who can best prepare you for the primary reasons you are getting a concealed weapons permit.

Stony Farm Defense is located near Brimley, MI and is central to Chippewa county and other surrounding areas. To learn more about our classes and to sign up for an upcoming class visit us online today at

CPL Class Tip #4: Reviews

Customer reviews are often the second best thing (the first is personal recommendations) to reference in terms of determining what others have to say about an instructor. Stony Farm Defense for example has many testimonies given by our students and most are nothing short of stellar.

Take some time to read the reviews regarding your potential CPL classes to get an idea of what others think.

Here are some testimonials for your consideration:

A few testimonials from past courses –

“Such a fun day…huge thank you to Steve & STONY FARM DEFENSE for having us in the NRA Personal Protection in the Home course…I feel way more comfortable with a handgun, and feel that I have a better understanding of good ways to practice safely and accurately. I didn’t feel stupid asking basic questions and learned a lot!” – Krystle G

“I enjoyed your course. Very informative and helpful. I will definitely recommend you to family and friends. Thanks for a great experience.” – Tracey G

“Great class today Steve. learned lots and now feel confident to own, carry and shoot a pistol. thanks again!!” – Cody B

“Thank-you for the training! I learned a lot! You’re a good teacher, and I recommend your training to anyone! It’s fun, and I enjoyed it” – Nicole D

That was a great class Steve! I was really surprised to see how many women were in it. That’s great. 4 guys and all the rest women. I have been passing along your info to everyone I know that is interested in a CPL and those that just want a class to safely operate a handgun. My wife even wants to take the class – Tim S

“The level of service at STONY FARM DEFENSE is fantastic. Having been a training junkie for many years, I am consistently impressed by the professionalism of every staff member I have come in contact with. Thank you!”- John R

“I had an excellent time at the NRA course (Personal Protection in the Home) yesterday!!! I learned a lot and recommend anyone and everyone take this course! I look forward to taking more classes with you Steve!” – Crystal C

“…..STONY FARM DEFENSE gives a very informative class with all the hands on a person could ask for in a class. The best shooting class I have attended, can’t wait until the next one.. If your looking to take a course look no further this is it.”

– Kevin F

“In this day and age, it’s hard to find a company you can trust. STONY FARM DEFENSE was recommended to me by a friend, and now I know why – the quality of training I received was outstanding. Keep up the good work!”

– Kathy B

Thanks Steve for the training yesterday. Your selflessness in the advancement of the 2nd amendment cause is greatly appreciated. – Rob A

“Thanks for the great class” – Patty M

The class (Michigan CPL Class) was very informative & I felt very confident when I finished the class. Steve is a great teacher! – Katie W

Great Class! Very professional! Instructors help to ease our reservations and showed us safe ways to use firearms – Linda S

Great Class! I learned alot and I’m not new to this. I’m signing my wife up for your next clas!!! – Tim S

As I leave class today I feel really confident that I can handle my gun in a safe manner and in various situations. The instructors were very informative and patient. I loved the drills and class setting. I will definately recommend this class to others. – Kara R

Thanks for a fun and very educational day. Very positive attitude by the instructors, showing us our mistakes but not embarrassing anyone. – Jim I

Had a great time today! Thank you so much you all do a great job! – Nicole C

“If you have never trained with Steve Charles or it has been awhile, I strongly recommend you consider taking the day to invest in your skill building. Steve has trained with some of the top pistol trainers in the world and he has no reservations about passing on that knowledge to his students. Even if your relatively seasoned as a combative/defensive shooter I guarantee you will take nuggets of wisdom away from this training. If you are a trainer, Steve’s many years of LE and civilian training will be a wealth of information for you and besides all of that…he’s is a lot of fun to be around!” – John R

Completed the Intro to tactical shotgun….I learned more in the last two days than I have in my combined 21 years in the military and the Department of Corrections. Can’t wait to take more courses. – Jason H

Thank you to Steve and Kevin for the wonderful class. You both are fun but firm and are very supportive and calm while making you feel safe. We learned so much and are thankful that we choose Stony Farm Defense!! Thanks again! – Stephanie W

Thank you Kevin for my class today!! I learned a lot and look forward to working with you again!! – Shannon H

A great school to get your CPL. Wife and son got there training this year and just loved it. Super knowledgeable. – Gary S

Shoutout to Stony Farm Defense, Shirley and I would like to Thank-you for the great CPL class, Great instructors, Very relaxing atmosphere. – Ivan T

Thanks for the great class today!! – Darcy M

Awesome class today! – Stephanie W

If you are thinking of taking a CPL class , I highly recommend stony farm defense in Brimley. NRA certified instructors. I learned so much more than I ever thought I would. Not only were the instructors patient but they really had a way of making everything easy to understand. I learned a lot and I am way more confident in my safe handling of a firearm. – Ann F.

Very good class- the guys are the best! We took the Intro to handguns because it has been awhile. Looking forward to next time! – Tina F.

Had a great learning experience at Stony Farm Defense for my CPL certification. Got a little flustered on the skill demonstrations because I was volunteered to go first every time but overall it was a great class with amazing instructors who knew what they were talking about! – Stephanie S.

SFD – Train, Practice, Prevail!

A Shotgun For Defense Inside Your Home?


, ,

Let’s start with a disclaimer. I like shotguns. I like them a lot. I’ve heard them called niche weapon but, in fact they are one of the most versatile weapon platforms available. That doesn’t mean that a shotgun is ideal for every situation though. 

Just like any other tool there are things that are best done with a shotgun and there are other things that are best done with different tools.

Among the mantras that I hear all the time is “I’ll just use my shotgun if someone breaks into my house” or “a shotgun is the best gun for home defense”.
While there is no doubt that the 12 gauge shotgun is the ultimate man stopper, it has so many disadvantages when using it inside your home that the pistol is still

the tool of choice when it comes to home defense.

Here are a few points to consider:
First, there is the issue of training and practice.
The shotgun is the gun that’s always there. Your trusty Rem 870 or Mossy 500 is always next to your bed or it’s always next to your door. It may be always at arms reach but, how often do you shoot it and more importantly how often do you train with it? Do you know how to perform a tactical reload, transition to a secondary weapons system or present the shotgun from positions of low ready, high ready, indoor ready or Sul? Do you even know what those positions are and why they are important to know?

How about ammunition management techniques and switching from buckshot to slug and vice versa?

These are all concepts that knowing or not knowing them could mean the difference between you and your family living or dying when you choose to use your shotgun for home defense.

It’s often said that it is not necessary to aim a shotgun and that it should be “pointed” rather than aimed. However, when you are confronting a criminal inside your residence, you do indeed need to aim. Contrary to popular opinion, you can easily miss with a shotgun.
Think about it . . . The pattern at inside the home distances will only spread to the approximate size of a softball at most. So, can you miss a bad guy with a shotgun? Yes, of course you can. Would that suck? Yes, it would suck big time.

Long guns including shotguns require two hands. In a home defense scenario chances are you’re going to need a “spare” hand to fend off physical attacks, call the police, open doors, push kids out-of-the-way, pull kids to safety, turn lights on and off etc. 
If you continually answer your door holding your shotgun you’ll soon get a reputation among your neighbors and it won’t be a good one. However, you can answer your door each and every time with a concealed handgun and nobody will be the wiser.

It’s easier for a bad guy to grab a shotgun barrel than a handgun’s. Negotiating corners with bad guys in your house can be . . . problematic. Seemingly routine tasks associated with moving from one room to another in your home can become a challenge.

If you load your shotgun with 00 buck, it may be difficult to ensure that all eight or nine pellets hit your intended target. While it may not take all of the pellets to incapacitate your adversary, stray pellets could injure or kill the very people you intend to protect.
Rifled slugs can be very accurate, but there are tremendous over-penetration issues associated with these projectiles. With slugs you need to worry about your neighbors as well as the occupants of your own home. Slugs also pass through home appliances very easily, so you could also run the risk of burning your house down should one pass through your kitchen range, furnace, water heater or any other gas burning appliance.

What about Birdshot for use inside your home? Really?
Just how effective is birdshot (#6, #8, etc.) as a defense load?
The problem with birdshot is that it does not penetrate enough to be effective as a defense round. Birdshot is designed to bring down little birds.

I know of a police officer that tells of seeing a guy shot at close range with a load of 12 gauge birdshot, and was not even knocked down. He was still walking around when the EMTs got there. It was an ugly, shallow wound, but did not STOP the guy. And that is what we want… to STOP the bad guy from whatever he is doing. To do this, you must have a load that will reach the vitals of the bad guy. Birdshot will not do this.

A frequent poster on who is an EMT relates this experience: 
“I saw a gunshot victim, about 5′ 10” and 200 lbs, taken to the operating room with a shotgun wound to the chest. He was shot at a range of six feet at a distance of just over the pectorals muscle. He was sitting on his front porch and walked to the ambulance. We explored the chest after x-rays were taken. The ER doc had said ‘buckshot’ wound, but this was obviously not accurate. It was # 6 shot. There was a crater in the skin over an inch in diameter. When the shot hit the level of the ribs, it spread out about five inches. There was ONE pellet that had passed between the ribs and entered the pericardium, but not damaged the heart at all. As you say, ‘use birdshot for little birds.” 

Tests have shown that even #4 Buck lacks the necessary penetration to consistently reach the vital organs. Only slugs, 0 Buck, 00 Buck, and 000 Buck penetrate enough to reach the vital organs.

Unless you expect to be attacked by little birds, do not use birdshot. Use 00 Buck. It will do the job.

How about a 20 gauge shotgun?

At inside your home distances the differences between 20 and 12 gauge is negligible. You are still dealing with the same types of ammo and that ammo whether 12 or 20 gauge still has the same issues regarding over penetration or lack of penetration as the case may be.

As far as recoil is concerned, barring a medical problem, if shooting a 12 gauge hurts your shoulder you are doing it wrong. Proper training could fix that for you. If you simply prefer 20 gauge over 12 gauge that’s fine, I get it.

So, should we rule out the shotgun for home defense? The answer is….wait for it…..NO!
The shotgun has a place in home defense but, should never be your “go to gun” provided you have better options.

I call my shotgun my “Alamo Gun”. It’s the gun I’ll transition to when I’m backed up in my safe room (Read master bedroom), I know where each family member is and I have nowhere else I can go. Then and only then will I turn to the shotgun while inside my home.

Friday Fundamentals 01 – Establishing Your Baseline

Great stuff here from Claude Werner


My friend Mark Luell, the author of Growing Up Guns suggested I provide a ‘Friday Fundamentals’ post weekly. We got the idea from my colleague Cecil Burch who wrote a blog post about Fundamentals. It’s a great idea to stay in touch with the basics.

The first installment is Session 01 of my Pistol Practice Program – Establishing Your Baseline. As in any journey, you have to know where you’re starting from before you can get to where you want to go.

The objective of this drill is to determine what distance you can make 100 percent hits on the vital area of a silhouette target. My feeling is that we need to work on achieving 100 percent accuracy because errant rounds in our homes or neighborhoods could be a major problem. Since I also think the first shot is the most important, I structured the session with a…

View original post 643 more words

Common sense


Isn’t it just common sense to ensure you know what you’re shooting at?

That question was posted on my Claude Werner, Researcher and Analyst page.

It’s an important question that we need to put in perspective.

Not intending to be pejorative but there is no such thing as ‘common sense.’ What we refer to as ‘common sense’ is actually learned behavior based on our past experience.

For instance, as adults, we consider it ‘common sense’ to not stick our hand in a fire. When we were three years old, we didn’t know it would hurt and probably found it out the hard way.

Similarly, we as gun people would consider it ‘common sense’ to not look down the bore of a firearm. If you gave a pistol to an Australian Aborigine, one of the first things they would do is look down the bore because in their worldview, knowing what’s…

View original post 142 more words

Hardware solutions to software problems


Several times, I have been pointed to an article about a cop who decided he needed to carry a lot more ammo on the job. The story is an excellent example of having the answers right in front of you and then ignoring them. While I don’t disagree with the idea of having plenty of ammo, it wasn’t the real solution to the problem in his case.

The nitty gritty of the story is that a cop got into an extended shootout with a determined attacker. The shootout went on for quite a while with a lot of spraying and praying on both sides. Eventually, the cop shot the suspect in the head and the situation was over.

As the incident progressed, he figured out that the answer to his problem was a software solution.

Then I told myself, ‘Hey, I need to slow down and aim better.’


View original post 364 more words

Deployment Of The Home Defense Shotgun (Part Two)


, ,

Shotgun Sights and Buckshot Patterning

There are basically three types of shotgun sights. (I won’t be going into various optics in this post)
1) Bead sites
2) Rifle sights
3) Ghost ring sights

Bead Sights –
The bead sight is the most common sight found on the shotgun. It was designed to be used following the aiming concepts and applications of the bird hunting shotgun. Its primary function allows the shooter to select a general area on the target for buckshot application.

bead sight

Typical bead style front sight on a Remington 870

The bead site can be used to deliver slug rounds; however, accurate shot placement quickly diminishes once target engagement exceeds 25 yards and with some shotguns, even shorter.


This police officer is using barrel mounted rifle type sights on his duty weapon. This setup offers the most versatility and is the setup preferred by the author.

Rifle Sights –
Rifle sights have begun to quickly replace bead sights on most shotguns that are set up for serious defensive work.
A sight blade replaces the bead and a basic rear sight assembly is added with both sites mounted on the barrel. Factory rifle sights are zeroed at the factory and in most cases do not allow for windage adjustment.
The rear sight has a step mount assembly that allows for elevation adjustments. A relatively short sight radius was established, which allows the shooter to apply slug rounds accurately beyond 50 yards.
The uniqueness of having the rifle sights mounted on the barrel allows the shooter the versatility to remove the rifle sighted barrel and interchange barrels without disturbing zero. The shooter can swap back and forth between bead sighted and rifle sighted barrels.

Ghost Ring Sights –
The ghost ring sight system is the most advanced sight system currently on shotguns today. ghostring
They provide the shooter with a sighting system that can be used to consistently and accurately apply buckshot and slug rounds at various distances.
A taller and thicker the front sight blade is mounted at the end of the barrel, with the rear sight assembly mounted on top of the shotguns receiver toward the back of the receiver. This sight system set up provides the shooter with a longer sight radius and allows the shooter to take accurate, long range shots with slug rounds beyond 100 yards! Most ghost ring rear sight assemblies allow for windage and elevation adjustment.

Buckshot Patterning
Understanding how your shotgun patterns buckshot plays a very important role when liability issues are taken into consideration. Every shooter should know how their shotgun patterns buckshot and all shotguns should be patterned tested using the buckshot that is used for duty carry.

The four most common distances used to test pattern buckshot are 7, 10, 15, and 20 yards. But for familiarization purposes, the shooter should pattern the shotgun at 25 yards as well.
By patterning the shotgun, the shooter will understand the capabilities and limitations of the buckshot that is used in that specific shotgun.3in-magnum-buckshot

The information will allow the shooter to understand at what range buckshot will become “ineffective” and require other actions to neutralize an active threat, such as making a decision to apply a slug rounds.

Patterning is accomplished by applying buckshot on target said various distances until the reliability and consistency to keep the buckshot pellets on the target is compromised.

NOTE: Be aware that if you have a tritium dot insert on the front sight blade, your daylight point of aim / point of impact will be different than your low light conditions point of aim / point of impact. tritiumYour shots will impact high when used during low light conditions.

Deployment Of The Home Defense Shotgun (Part One)


, ,

Perhaps no topic in firearms training is more misunderstood than that of the shotgun. In determining the circumstances in which the shotgun might be used effectively, it is first necessary to discuss the capabilities and limitations of this weapon. Only then can one make general recommendations regarding the use and application of this devastating weapon.


Because of commonly believed myths associated with the shotgun it has been inappropriately deployed many times and can become a liability rather than an asset. On some occasions, shotguns have been brought out to a high risk law enforcement incident or warrant service, only to be found as an encumbrance to the officers in the performance of their duties.
Anyone who has been around law enforcement long enough has seen shotguns laying on car hoods, shotguns leaning against cars, shotguns left alone on seats in patrol vehicles, one officer holding two or three shotguns while other officers control and cuff an assailant resisting arrest.  601px-CM_16
These situations represent circumstances where officers deployed a shotgun, then found it necessary to rid themselves of the weapon in order to assist in contact actions or perform other functions.

Also, we often see people keeping shotguns for home defense who have never trained with their shotgun, but will have it ready and waiting next to their bedside. Their intention is that this will be the first gun they grab when the time comes to check on that inevitable bump in the night or alert watchdog. They soon find that the shotgun is too big and bulky for opening doors, using a flashlight, carrying a scared and worried child to the safety of their Mother’s bed, fumbling for light switches etc.
So, why do people bring a shotgun to a situation and then find that it becomes a liability? Quite simply, because they believe that the shotgun has attributes that make it indispensable, particularly in circumstances where higher levels of risk might prevail.Tacticalshotgun1-Lead
Inevitably, people not properly trained in deployment of the shotgun, find themselves believing in an intimidating cure-all rather than in it’s true application.
Here are some of the myths associated with a shotgun that have led to false beliefs about this unique weapon system.

1) Anyone can handle a shotgun with minimal training. One need only to examine firearms training programs across the nation to determine that most students of gun handling believe this to be true. It would be unusual to find people that train with a shotgun three or four times a year, yet some of the same people that prefer shotguns as their home defense weapon of choice will train with their handgun at least that many times if not more. A simple examination of the basic shotgun skills possessed by these students while deploying the shotgun in training scenarios will reveal gun handling errors.  Some of these errors, if performed in a deadly force situation would most certainly result in failing to properly operate the weapon or worse yet, accidental or unintentional discharge!
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERARegular training is necessary to gain and maintain the gun handling skills necessary to deploy the shotgun in a combat environment (Yes, when you are defending your home with deadly force it is a combat environment). If a person is intent on using a shotgun and cannot demonstrate basic and combat gun handling skills on demand then that person should not deploy a shotgun until they can successfully demonstrate the proper gun skills needed.

2) You can’t miss with a shotgun! Just examine some of the names associated with a shotgun; They are called scatterguns, alley sweepers, street sweepers and trench brooms, just to name a few.
Such names imply that all you need to do is point the shotgun in the general direction of your intended target and a hit is guaranteed. This fallacy can easily be demonstrated by placing targets at various ranges (four, seven, fifteen and twenty five yards) and then patterning commonly used buckshot rounds (#4 or 00 buckshot).Hot Barrel
At close ranges (out to about 10 yards), the patterns are tight enough that it would obviously require that marksmanship skill to center the pattern effectively, keeping all buckshot pellets on target. At 15 yards or so, you will notice that the shot pattern begins to open significantly.
Marksmanship is still required to center the pattern, however, the shooter will begin to notice pellet deviation while using #4 buckshot. On average, several pellets will consistently miss the target, which becomes a very serious liability issue. Beyond 15 yards, similar problems will occur with 00 buckshot.
The training issue here is that if you want to hit what your shooting at, you had better start training with a shotgun as if it were rifle. Although most shotguns come with a simple bead sight, the shotgun will be much more accurate with a good set of rifle sights or ghost ring sights.   CIMG5852
Once a good, reliable sight system is selected for the home defense shotgun, it is very important to pattern the shotgun on paper at various distances using duty buckshot and zeroing iron sights with slug rounds. This will allow better decision making when determining what type of round should be used based on the knowledge of shot performance at various distances. We’ll get into how to do that in the next post.

Thanks for checking in

To be continued…….